The document was signed by Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed president and vice-president respectively the following day.
Arti Contoh Recount Text Peristiwa Sejarah Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia dibaca pukul 10.00 pagi pada hari Jumat, 17 Agustus 1945.
Deklarasi tersebut menandai dimulainya perlawanan diplomatik dan bersenjata dari Revolusi Nasional Indonesia, melawan kekuatan Belanda dan warga sipil pro-Belanda, sampai yang terakhir tersebut secara resmi mengakui kemerdekaan Indonesia pada tahun 1949. Belanda menyatakan bahwa mereka telah memutuskan untuk menerima facto 17 Agustus 1945 sebagai tanggal kemerdekaan Indonesia. Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa, yang dimediasi dalam konflik, secara formal mengakui tanggal kemerdekaan pada tanggal 27 Desember 1949.
Dokumen tersebut ditandatangani oleh Sukarno dan Mohammad Hatta, yang ditunjuk sebagai presiden dan wakil presiden pada keesokan harinya.
3. Battle of Surabaya
The Battle of Surabaya was fought between pro-independence Indonesian soldiers and militia against British and British Indian troops as a part of the Indonesian National Revolution.
The peak of the battle was in November 1945. The battle was the heaviest single battle of the revolution and became a national symbol of Indonesian resistance. Fighting broke out on 30 October after the British commander, Brigadier A. W. S. Mallaby was killed in a skirmish. Although the Colonial forces largely captured the city in three days, the poorly armed Republicans fought for three weeks, and thousands died as the population fled to the countryside.
The battle and defence mounted by the Indonesians galvanised the nation in support of independence and helped garner international attention. For the Dutch, it removed any doubt that the Republic was not simply a gang of collaborators without popular support. It also had the effect of convincing Britain that wisdom lay on the side of neutrality in the revolution; within a few years, in fact, Britain would support the Republican cause in the United Nations.