6 Contoh Recount Text Peristiwa Sejarah dan Arti

Considered a heroic effort by Indonesians, the battle helped galvanise Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence. 10 November is celebrated annually as Heroes’ Day.

Arti Contoh Recount Text Peristiwa Sejarah Battle of Surabaya
Pertempuran Surabaya diperjuangkan antara tentara pro-kemerdekaan Indonesia dan milisi melawan pasukan Inggris dan Inggris India sebagai bagian dari Revolusi Nasional Indonesia.

Puncak pertempuran adalah pada bulan November 1945. Pertempuran itu merupakan pertempuran tunggal terberat revolusi dan menjadi simbol nasional perlawanan Indonesia. Pertarungan terjadi pada 30 Oktober setelah komandan Inggris, Brigadir A. W. S. Mallaby terbunuh dalam baku tembak. Meskipun pasukan Kolonial sebagian besar merebut kota itu dalam tiga hari, kaum Republikan yang bersenjata buruk berjuang selama tiga minggu, dan ribuan orang meninggal saat penduduknya melarikan diri ke pedesaan.

Pertarungan dan pertahanan yang dilakukan oleh orang-orang Indonesia menggembleng bangsa untuk mendukung kemerdekaan dan membantu mengumpulkan perhatian internasional. Bagi Belanda, ini menghilangkan keraguan bahwa Republik bukan sekadar sekelompok kolaborator tanpa dukungan rakyat. Ini juga memiliki efek meyakinkan Inggris bahwa kebijaksanaan berada di sisi netralitas dalam revolusi; Dalam beberapa tahun, sebenarnya, Inggris akan mendukung perjuangan Republik di Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa.

Dianggap sebagai upaya heroik oleh orang Indonesia, pertempuran tersebut membantu menggembleng dukungan Indonesia dan internasional untuk kemerdekaan Indonesia. 10 November dirayakan setiap tahun sebagai Hari Pahlawan.

4. General Offensive of 1 March 1949
The Dutch launched a military offensive on 19 December 1948 which it termed Operation Crow.
By the following day it had conquered the city of Yogyakarta, the location of the temporary Republican capital. By the end of December, all major Republican held cities in Java and Sumatra were in Dutch hands.
The Republican President, Vice-President, and all but six Republic of Indonesia ministers were captured by Dutch troops and exiled on Bangka Island off the east coast of Sumatra.
In areas surrounding Yogyakarta and Surakarta, Republican forces refused to surrender and continued to wage a guerrilla war under the leadership of Republican military chief of staff General Sudirman who had escaped the Dutch offensives. An emergency Republican government, was established in West Sumatra.
On March 1, 1949 at 6 am, Republican forces launched March 1 General Offensive. The Offensive caught the Dutch by surprise. For his part, Hamengkubuwono IX allowed his palace to be used as a hide out for the troops. For 6 hours, the Indonesian troops had control of Yogyakarta before finally retreating.
The Offensive was a moral and diplomatic success, inspiring demoralised troops all around Indonesia, as well as proving to the United Nations that the Indonesian army still existed and were capable of fighting. On the other hand, the offensive had demoralized the Dutch forces, because they never thought that Indonesian forces could assault and control the city, even for a few hours.