How many types of English text should students of high school learn? Reading the minimum competency standards, there are 13 kinds of text as base to measure the skills of English. Each text types cover the four major skills of English; reading, listening, speaking and writing. As the main subject in English learning, students should know where the kinds of text derive from. It is about this article focusing to.
Learning text types is presented as the main subject in English lesson for high school students. Most of the time during their time in high school, the students focus their attention to text types with each generic structure and what language used to construct the texts varying to each other.
The generic structure and language features which are commonly found is different from one text to another. The differences are used based on the purpose of each genres.
Text types in the three main genres which must be studied in high school specially designed for graduate competences standard (SKL) are:
This narrative genre includes narrative, recount, and news item. All these text types in narrative genres composed to tell and inform.
The texts which include in descriptive genres are report, descriptive, and explanation. These text genres are written to describe. They tend to use words with describing sense and not telling
Argumentative genres will cover analytical exposition, hortatory exposition and discussion. These text types explore reason to answer the question “why” and “how”.
Additionally, there are another classification of text types. To enlarge our knowledge, texts are defined into three main genres which slightly different from the above classification referring to the high school graduate competences standard.
According to literacytrust.org.uk, the tree main genres which show the text types distinctions are as follow:
1. NARRATIVE which includes adventure, mystery, science fiction, fantasy, historical fiction, contemporary fiction, dilemma stories, dialogue, myths, legends, fairy tales, and fables.
2. NON-FICTION which accommodates discussion texts, explanatory texts, instructional text, persuasion texts, non-chronological reports and recounts.
3. POETRY which refers to free verse, visual poems and structured poems.
Again referring to the graduate competency standard (SKL) of high schools, learning English is given through 13 kinds of text. For the explanation, you can read: