Apakah folktale itu? Pengertian folktaleyang paling sederhanan adalah sebuah cerita tradisional yang dituturkan secara turun temurun, diceritakan dari generasi ke generasi dan biasanya mengajarkan nilai-nilai kebaikan manusia. Dalam belajar contoh teks narrative bahasa Inggris, cerita folktale menjadi salah satu kajian.
Narrative text banyak kita jumpai dalam bentuk folktale. Dalam posting sebelumnya 17 ontoh narrative text terbaik juga banyak teks yang berupa cerita rakyat, legend, myth dan cerita lainya. Narrative text selalu berisi Orientation, diikuti oleh Complication atau pertentangan antar pelaku cerita, dan ditutup dengan sebuah Resolution yang bisa berupa happy ending atu sebaliknya sad ending.
Untuk menambah koleksi dalam kumpulan narrative text, berikut adalah sebuak folktale yang bisa dimasukkan dalam kategory text narrative. Folktale atau cerita rakyat ini adalah sebuah penggambaran tentang bagaimana kebaikan akan selalu menemui tepatnya yang tinggi dalam melawan keburukan yang selalu menghadang sejak awal. Well, let’s see the following example of narrative text
The Three Feathers Story
Once upon time There was a king who had three sons. The two son were clever. The third son did not speak much so he was called Simpleton. When the king had become old, he did not know which son should become the king.
Then he got a bright idea and said; “Go forth, who brings me the most beautiful carpet will be king after me”. He blew three feathers in the air, and said: “You should go as they fly”. One feather flew to the east, the second to the west, but the third flew straight up and did not fly far.
So one brother went to the right, and the other to the left. Simpleton was sad because his feather did not fly far. Then all at once he saw a trap-door close to the feather. He found some steps, and went down the door. Then he came to another door, knocked at it. The door opened, and he saw a fat toad sitting. She asked what he wanted. He answered; “I should get the prettiest and finest carpet in the world”. Then she called a young toad; “Bring me the great box!”
The young toad brought the box. The fat toad opened it, and gave simpleton a carpet out of it. The carpet was so beautiful. So Simpleton thanked her, and brought it to the kingdom. Meanwhile his brothers just got some coarse handkerchiefs from a shepherds’ wives whom they had met. When the king saw Simpleton’s carpet he was very astonished and said; ” Well, the kingdom belongs to the Simpleton”. But his two brothers argued that it was impossible that simpleton should be king, They asked the king to make a new agreement.
Then the father said; “Who brings me the most beautiful ring will inherit the kingdom”. He blew three feathers, which they were to follow. Those of the two eldest again went east and west, and simpleton’s feather flew straight up, and fell down near the trap-door. Again the fat toad gave him a ring sparkled with jewels. Meanwhile his two brothers just got old carriage-rings. However they did not cease from tormenting the king until he made a third condition.
So the king declared; Who brings the most beautiful woman home will be the king”. He again blew the three feathers into the air. Then Simpleton went down to the fat toad, and said; “I am to take home the most beautiful woman”. The she gave him a yellow turnip which had been hollowed out. Mournfully Simpleton said; “What am I to do with it?”. The toad answered; “Just put one of my little toads into it!”. Then Simpleton seized one little toad and put her into the yellow coach. Surprisingly the little toad turned into a beautiful maiden. So Simpleton took her to the king. On the other hand, his brother brought peasant women to the kingdom.
When the king saw the women he said; “After my death the kingdom belongs to my youngest son”. But the two eldest brothers kept arguing that whose wife could leap through a ring which hung in the center of the hall would be the king. The king agreed. Then the two peasant women jumped through the ring but they fell which made their arms and legs broke. On the other hand, the pretty maiden sprang through the ring as lightly as a deer which made the two peasants ceased. So Simpleton received the crown and ruled wisely the kingdom.
Analisan Generic Strukture Contoh Narrative Text Foltale Story of 3 Feathers
Telah disampaikan diatas, semua teks narrative harus disusun berdasar struktur orientation, dilanjutkan dengan complication dan ditutup dengan resolution. Bagaimana pengorganisasian paragraf pada struktur seperti itu? Mari kita lanjutkan membahasnya.
1. Paragraf orientation. Pendeknya bisa kita lihat pada kutipan cerita dibawah ini
Once upon time There was a king who had three sons.
2. Paragraf Complication. Serangkaian pertentangan dan masalah yang dihadapi oleh tokoh cerita utama (protagonist) dalam memperjuangkan idealitasnya. hal ini bisa dilahat dari kutipan cerita dibawah:
Simpleton was sad because his feather did not fly far.
But his two brothers argued that it was impossible that simpleton should be king
However they did not cease from tormenting the king until he made a third condition
3. Paragraf resolution. Akhir dari cerita itu bagaimana diselesaikan. Unsur resolution ini dibutuhkan karena sebelumnya ada fase complication. Dalam contoh folktale diatas, resolution terlehat pada kutipan dibwah:
So Simpleton received the crown and ruled wisely the kingdom
Sekali lagi cerita narrtive itu berfungsi untuk menghibur dan mengajarkan suatu pelajaran moral, nilai kebaikan, dan kepantasan bersosial ditengah masyarakt banyak.