Glossary of Terms in Learning Text Types – Part 1

What is orientation? Do you understand about complication? What text does use resolution term in its generic structure? All of the term will be explained in the series. This post is about the glossary of terms used when learning English text. Because there a lot of terms need to be explained, the post will be divided into 3 series, and this the first one.

When we are learning English through texts-based approach, we often see some terms which technically relate to genres whether for generic structure or language feature. This post is listing the glossary of terms which are often found when learning English text.

1. Participant: It refers to agent, actor of the actions in the text. In literary term, participant can be characters.
2. Circumstance: In short, it cover the answers of question about when, where, why, and how. Relating to the term of grammar and structure, circumstance the coverage of the area of adverb, namely, time, place, and manner
3. Process: It commonly refers to verb as a part of speech which is dominantly used in the text. Process or verb in genres is divided into several kinds. The process or verb relating to text types learning is commonly divided into 7 kinds
a. Material process
b. Mental process
c. Verbal process
d. Relational process
e. Existential process
f. Behavioral process
g. Meteorological process

4. Nominal group. What is a nominal group? According to en.wikipedia, it is defined as:
a group of words which expresses an entity