Explanation text is describing how a thing is formed or why the thing happens. The following example is about how a cellphone works. When we call someone with a cellphone, there are actually some processes transferring the voice from the caller to the receiver.
Explanation text is a text which gives reported description on how a thing works or why a thing happens. We have posted several short examples of explanation text and this is one of them. Well let’s see the following sample!
How a cell phone works
A cell phone is a great gadget in this modern world. What is a cell phone? A cell phone is actually a radio in certain way. Like a radio, by a cell phone we can communicate to other people in real time. Million people use cell phone for their communication. Even nowadays, people use cell phones to communicate in voice, written and data.
Alexander Graham Bell is the person who make great change in the way people communicate to each other. He invented a telephone in 1876. While wireless radio was formally known in 18994 presented by Guglielmo Marconi. By these two technologies, then a cell phone was born. However do you know how actually cell phones work?
This short explanation on how a cell phone work is really wonderful. A cell phone or in long term “cellular telephone’ works by transmitting signals of radio to towers of cellular. The towers are networked to a central switching station. The connection usually uses wire, fiber optic-cables, or microwave.
Then the central switching station which handles calls in certain given area is directed connected to the wire-based telephone system. Cellulars are pick up by the towers and relayed to another cellular telephone user or the user of wire-based telephone network.
The towers vary in the capacity and capability to receive signals. Some can receive the signal from short distance and the others can receive more distance. However, there are usually more than one tower in certain given area so that the system can handle the increasing telephone traffic.
Generic Structure of Explanation Text How Cellphone Works
Based on the sample text above, we can see the generic structure which a writer choose to achieve his goal in writing. The structure is as below:
1. Paragraph for General Statement: It is the reader can see the general topic of the text as a whole.
do you know how actually cell phones work?
2. Paragraphs for Sequenced Explanation: Here are some explanation on how the thing works.
cellular telephone’ works by transmitting signals of radio to towers of cellular
the central switching station which handles calls in certain given area is directed connected to the wire-based telephone system.
The towers vary in the capacity and capability to receive signals.
That’s all explanation text sample about how cellphone works. This explanation text about modern product is provided with generic structure analysis. Hopefully it can help student to understand English genres, especially explanation text.