53 Contoh Soal Report Text dan Jawabannya

Report text menyuguhkan deskripsi suatu object seperti apa adanya. Jenis teks ini bersifat ilmiah karena ditulis berdasarkan hasil observasi dan pengamatan dan terbebas dari campur tangan opini penulis. Contoh teks report banyak dijumpai pada jurnal-jurnal ilmiah sebagai laporan akademis. Meskipun sama sama bertujuan untuk menggambarkan suatu object, teks report berbeda dengan teks deskripsi.

Untuk mengethaui persamaan dan perbedaannya kedua teks ini bisa membaca
What is Descriptive Text? Pengertian dan Contoh
What is Report Text? Pengertian dan Contoh
Pada dua artikel tesebut dijelas pengertian dan susunan generic structure dari kedua teks tersebut. Tak lupa juga dielengkapi dengan contoh sederhana dari masing masing contoh teks tersebut.

Kumpulan Contoh Soal Teks Report Bahasa Inggris dan Arti Beserta Jawabannya

Sudah tidak asing lagi, setelah membaca sebuah teks, maka akan diberikan beberapa pertanyaan. Ini adalah cara belajar bahasa Inggris berbasis teks yang saat ini dipakai dalam belajar bahasa Inggris di sekolah sekolah Indonesia.

contoh soal teks report

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 1
The platypus is a semi-aquatic mammal endemic to East to North Australia, including Tazmania. It is one of the five extreme species of mono-dreams. The only mammal that lays eggs instead of giving birth to live young. The body and the broad flat tail of these animals are covered with dense brown fur, that traps a lay including ear to keep the animals warm. It uses its tail for story joy fact. It has webbed feet and the large robbery’s net. These are species that are be closer to those of ducks, then to these any known mammals. Weight varies considerably from 0.7 to 2.4 kg with males being larger than females. And male averages 50 cm total length whiles the female major approximately 45 cm. The platypus has an average temperature of 32 degrees Celsius rather than 37 degrees Celsius that is typical of the placental mammals.

Artinya
Platipus adalah mamalia semi-akuatik endemik Timur ke Australia Utara, termasuk Tazmania. Ini adalah salah satu dari lima spesies ekstrim mono-mimpi. Satu-satunya mamalia yang bertelur bukannya melahirkan hidup muda. Tubuh dan ekor datar yang luas dari hewan-hewan ini ditutupi dengan bulu coklat yang tebal, yang menjebak awam termasuk telinga untuk menjaga agar hewan tetap hangat. Ini menggunakan ekornya untuk fakta cerita sukacita. Ini memiliki kaki berselaput dan jaring perampokan besar. Ini adalah spesies yang lebih dekat dengan itik, kemudian ke mamalia yang dikenal ini. Berat bervariasi dari 0,7 hingga 2,4 kg dengan laki-laki lebih besar dari perempuan. Dan rata-rata laki-laki 50 cm panjang total sedangkan perempuan sekitar 45 cm. Platypus memiliki suhu rata-rata 32 derajat Celcius daripada 37 derajat Celcius yang merupakan ciri khas dari mamalia plasental.

1. What animal is being described in the monologue?
A. Octopus.
B. Rhinoceros.
C. Platypus
D. Mosquitos.
E. Hippopotamus.

2. How much does the Platypus weigh?
A. 0.7 to 2.4 kg
B. 0.7 to 2.5 kg.
C. 0.7 to 2.6 kg.
D. 0.7 to 2.7 kg.
E. 0.7 to 2.8 kg.

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 2
The polar bear is a bear native to the Arctic Ocean and its surrounding seas. An adult male weighs about four hundred to six hundred and eighty kilograms, while an adult female is about half that size. Although it is closely related to the brown bear, it has paws to occupy a narrow ecological niche with many bony characteristics adapted to for cold temperatures, for moving across the snow, ice, open water, and for hunting seals which make up most of its diets. Although most of polar bears are born on land, it spends most of its time at sea, hence its name meaning maritime bear and can hunt consistently only from sea ice. It spends much of the year on frozen sea.

Artinya
Beruang kutub adalah beruang asli ke Samudera Arktik dan laut sekitarnya. Seorang pria dewasa beratnya sekitar empat ratus hingga enam ratus delapan puluh kilogram, sementara seorang wanita dewasa sekitar setengah dari ukuran itu. Meskipun terkait erat dengan beruang coklat, ia memiliki kaki untuk menempati niche ekologi sempit dengan banyak karakteristik tulang yang disesuaikan untuk suhu dingin, untuk bergerak melintasi salju, es, air terbuka, dan untuk berburu anjing laut yang membuat sebagian besar diet. Meskipun sebagian besar beruang kutub lahir di darat, ia menghabiskan sebagian besar waktunya di laut, maka namanya berarti beruang maritim dan dapat berburu secara konsisten hanya dari es laut. Ini menghabiskan banyak tahun di laut beku.

3. What does the adult male bear weigh?
A. 400 – 480 kg
B. 400 – 680 kg
C. 480 – 600 kg
D. 680 – 880 kg
E. 880 – 1500 kg

4. Where did the animal live?
A. In the Arctic Ocean
B. In the Indian Ocean.
C. In the Pacific Ocean.
D. In the North Atlantic Ocean.
E. In the South Atlantic Ocean.

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 3
Snakes are reptiles (cold-blooded creatures). They belong to the same group as lizards (the scaled group, Squamata) but from a sub-group of their own (Serpentes).
Snakes have two legs but a long time ago they had claws to help them slither along. Snakes are not slimy. They are covered in scales which are just bumps on the skin. Their skin is hard and glossy to reduce friction as the snake slithers along the ground.
Snakes often sun bathe on rocks in the warm weather. This is because snakes are cold-blooded; they need the sun’s warmth to heat their bodies up.
Most snakes live in the country. Some types of snakes live in tress, some live in water, but most live on the ground in deserted rabbit burrows, in thick, long grass and in old logs.
A snake’s diet usually consists of frogs, lizard, and mice and other snakes. The Anaconda can eat small crocodiles and even bears. Many snakes protect themselves with their fangs. Some snakes are protected by scaring their enemies away like the Cobra. The flying snakes glide away from danger. Their ribs spread apart and the skin stretches out. Its technique is just like the sugar gliders.

Artinya
Ular adalah reptil (makhluk berdarah dingin). Mereka termasuk kelompok yang sama dengan kadal (kelompok berskala, Squamata) tetapi dari sub-kelompok mereka sendiri (Serpentes).
Ular memiliki dua kaki tetapi sejak dulu mereka memiliki cakar untuk membantu mereka merayap. Ular tidak berlendir. Mereka ditutupi sisik yang hanya gundukan di kulit. Kulit mereka keras dan berkilau untuk mengurangi gesekan saat ular melata di tanah.
Ular sering berjemur di batu dalam cuaca hangat. Ini karena ular berdarah dingin; mereka membutuhkan kehangatan matahari untuk menghangatkan tubuh mereka.
Sebagian besar ular hidup di negara ini. Beberapa jenis ular hidup di pohon, sebagian hidup di air, tetapi sebagian besar hidup di tanah di liang kelinci yang sepi, di rumput tebal, panjang dan di batang pohon tua.
Diet ular biasanya terdiri dari katak, kadal, dan tikus dan ular lainnya. Anaconda bisa makan buaya kecil dan bahkan beruang. Banyak ular melindungi diri dengan taring mereka. Beberapa ular dilindungi dengan menakut-nakuti musuh mereka seperti Cobra. Ular terbang meluncur menjauh dari bahaya. Tulang rusuk mereka terbuka dan kulit membentang. Tekniknya sama seperti sugar glider.

5. Since the snakes are cold-blooded, they…
A. like sucking the cool blood
B. avoid sun-bathing to their skins
C. never sun bathe in the warm weather
D. live on the ground in deserted burrows
E. require the sun’s warmth to heat their bodies

6. We know from the text that snakes…
A. do not have claws
B. do not like sunlight
C. have two legs and claws
D. use their legs to climb the tree
E. use their claws to slither along the ground

7. Some types of snakes live in tress, some live in water, but most live on the ground in deserted rabbit burrows,…(paragraph 4).The word “burrows “ has the similar meaning with…
A. foster
B. dig
C. plough
D. nurture
E. cultivate

8. How do flying snakes protect themselves.
A. They fly away
B. They use their fangs they scare their enemies.
C. They stretch out their skin,
D. They eat the other animals.
E. sun bathe on rocks

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 4
Napoleon is a favorite fish for divers in many regions of the world. The fish can instantly be recognized by its size, color and shape. It is one of the largest reef fish in the world. They can grow up to 230 cm and weigh 190 kg. They have fleshy lips and a hump over the head that is similar to a napoleon hat. The Hump becomes more prominent with age.
Colors vary with age and sex. Males range from a bright electric blue to green or purplish blue. Mature males develop a black stripe along the sides, blue spots on their body scales, and blue scribbles on the head. Juveniles can be identified by their pale greenish color and two black lines running behind the eye. Females, both old and young, are red-orange on the upper parts of their bodies and red-orange to white yellow.
Napoleon fish are carnivorous and eat during the day. They can be seen feasting on shellfish, other fish, sea stars, sea urchins and crabs, crushing the shells to get the animal within. They also crush large chunks of dead coral rubble with peg-like teeth to feed on the burrowing mussels and worms.
Pairs spawn together as part of a larger mating group that may consist of over 100 individuals. The planktonic eggs are released into the water, and once the larvae have hatched they will settle out on the substrate. Adult females are able to change sex but the triggers for this development are not yet known.
The Napoleon is mainly found on coral reef edges and drop-offs. They move into shallow bays during the day to feed, and tend to move into deeper waters as they grow older and large. Adults, therefore, are more common offshore than inshore.

Artinya
Napoleon adalah ikan favorit bagi para penyelam di banyak wilayah di dunia. Ikan dapat langsung dikenali dari ukuran, warna dan bentuknya. Ini adalah salah satu ikan karang terbesar di dunia. Mereka bisa tumbuh hingga 230 cm dan berat 190 kg. Mereka memiliki bibir yang berdaging dan punuk di atas kepala yang mirip dengan topi napoleon. The Hump menjadi lebih menonjol seiring bertambahnya usia.
Warna bervariasi dengan usia dan jenis kelamin. Jantan berkisar dari biru listrik terang ke hijau atau biru keunguan. Pria dewasa mengembangkan garis hitam di sepanjang sisi, bintik biru di sisik tubuh mereka, dan coretan biru di kepala. Remaja dapat diidentifikasi dengan warna kehijauan pucat dan dua garis hitam di belakang mata. Wanita, baik tua maupun muda, berwarna merah jingga di bagian atas tubuh mereka dan berwarna merah-jingga ke kuning putih.
Ikan Napoleon adalah karnivora dan makan di siang hari. Mereka dapat dilihat berpesta dengan kerang, ikan lain, bintang laut, bulu babi dan kepiting, menghancurkan kulit untuk mendapatkan hewan di dalamnya. Mereka juga menghancurkan potongan-potongan besar puing-puing karang mati dengan gigi peg-seperti untuk memberi makan pada remis dan cacing menggali.
Pasangan bertelur bersama sebagai bagian dari kelompok kawin yang lebih besar yang dapat terdiri dari lebih dari 100 individu. Telur plankton dilepaskan ke dalam air, dan setelah larva menetas mereka akan menetap di substrat. Betina dewasa mampu mengubah jenis kelamin tetapi pemicu untuk perkembangan ini belum diketahui.
Napoleon terutama ditemukan di tepi terumbu karang dan drop-off. Mereka pindah ke teluk dangkal selama hari untuk memberi makan, dan cenderung bergerak ke perairan yang lebih dalam saat mereka tumbuh dewasa dan besar. Orang dewasa, oleh karena itu, lebih umum di lepas pantai daripada di pantai.

9. What is the text about?
A. The description of Napoleon fish
B. The physical characteristics of carnivorous fish
C. The divers’ favorite animals
D. Napoleon’s family
E. The development of Napoleon fish

10. Where do Napoleon fish move during the day to feed?
A. Offshore
B. Onshore
C. Deeper water
D. Shallow bays
E. Coral reef edges

11. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the text?
A. Napoleon fish tend to move into shallow waters as they grow older and large
B. Napoleon fish move into deep bays during the day to feed
C. Adult females are not able to change sex
D. Napoleon fish are not carnivorous
E. The male has more attractive colours than the females

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 5
Ant-eaters are perhaps the most curious looking animals.
Their long head and snout look like tubes, and they have no teeth at all. Their front legs are very strong and armed with heavy curved claws with which they break open the nets of ants and termites and then, when the insects rush out, use their long, sticky tongues to lick them up at great speed.
True ant-eaters are found in the swamps and forests of central and South America. Scaly ant-eaters, or pangolins, are found in Africa and tropical Asia.
Various other insect-eating animals are sometimes called ant-eaters, although they really belong to other groups of animals. One of them is the ant-bear, which lives on the plains of South and Central Africa. This has long, erect ears but short blunt claws, an almost hairless tail, yellow brown in color. Unlike the true ant-eaters, it has small teeth.

Artinya
Pemakan semut mungkin adalah hewan yang paling penasaran.
Kepala dan moncong panjang mereka terlihat seperti tabung, dan mereka tidak memiliki gigi sama sekali. Kaki depan mereka sangat kuat dan dipersenjatai dengan cakar melengkung yang besar yang dengannya mereka membongkar jaring semut dan rayap dan kemudian, ketika serangga-serangga itu keluar, menggunakan lidah mereka yang panjang dan lengket untuk menjilati mereka dengan kecepatan tinggi.
Pemakan semut sejati ditemukan di rawa dan hutan di Amerika tengah dan Selatan. Scaly ant-eater, atau pangolins, ditemukan di Afrika dan Asia tropis.
Berbagai hewan pemakan serangga lainnya kadang-kadang disebut pemakan semut, meskipun mereka benar-benar termasuk kelompok hewan lain. Salah satunya adalah beruang semut, yang hidup di dataran Afrika Selatan dan Tengah. Ini memiliki telinga panjang, tegak tetapi cakar pendek tumpul, ekor yang hampir tidak berbulu, berwarna kuning kecokelatan. Tidak seperti pemakan semut yang sesungguhnya, ia memiliki gigi kecil.

12. The text tells us ….
A. the story of ant-eaters
B. the report of ant-eaters
C. the discussion of ant-eaters
D. the description of ant-eaters
E. the explanation of ant-eater’s body

13. What is the ant-bear?
A. The animal has long, erect ears and small teeth
B. The animal looks like a pangolin.
C. The animal has no sticky tongue
D. The animal does not like to eat ants.
E. The animal belongs to ants’ group.

14. From the passage above, we can conclude that….
A. all ants are friends of other insects
B. ants live in the disgusted places
C. ants are classified as predators
D. ants belong to the insect group
E. ants usually eat death animals

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 6
A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia. It has a smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and in New Guinea.
Kangaroos eat grass and plants.They have short front legs, but very long and strong back legs and a tail. These are used for sitting up and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.
The largest kangaroos are the Great grey kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adult grows to a length of 1.60 metres and weighs over 90 kilos.
Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life.

Artinya
Seekor kanguru adalah hewan yang hanya ditemukan di Australia. Ia memiliki kerabat yang lebih kecil, disebut walabi, yang hidup di pulau Tasmania Australia dan di New Guinea.
Kangguru memakan rumput dan tanaman. Mereka memiliki kaki depan yang pendek, tetapi kaki belakang dan ekor yang sangat panjang dan kuat. Ini digunakan untuk duduk dan melompat. Kanguru telah dikenal membuat melompat ke depan lebih dari delapan meter, dan melompat di pagar lebih dari tiga meter. Mereka juga dapat berlari dengan kecepatan lebih dari 45 kilometer per jam.
Kanguru terbesar adalah kanguru abu-abu Besar dan Kangguru Merah. Dewasa tumbuh dengan panjang 1,60 meter dan berat lebih dari 90 kilogram.
Kanguru adalah marsupial. Ini berarti bahwa kanguru betina memiliki kantong eksternal di bagian depan tubuhnya. Bayi kanguru sangat kecil ketika dilahirkan, dan ia merangkak sekaligus ke dalam kantong ini di mana ia menghabiskan lima bulan pertama kehidupannya.

15. According to the text, the kangaroo ….
A. can grow as tall as a man
B. can run faster than a car
C. can walk as soon as it is born
D. can jump over a 3 metres high fence
E. can live in a pouch during its life

16. …. are used for sitting up and for jumping.
A. Long tails
B. Short legs
C. Body pouch
D. Short front legs
E. Strong back legs

17. We know from the text that kangaroo ….
A. is smaller in size to human
B. is an omnivorous animal
C. has habitat in Tasmania
D. can be called Wallaby in New Guinea
E. has another name called Wallaby 29.

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 7
An elephant is the largest and strongest animals. It is a strange looking animal with its thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a small tall, little eyes, long white tusks and above all it has a long noise, the trunk.
The trunk is the elephant’s peculiar feature, and it has various uses. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt it all over its body like a shower bath. It can also lift leaves and puts them into its mouth. In fact the trunk serves the elephant as a long am and hand. An elephant looks very clumsy and heavy and yet it can move very quickly.
The elephant is a very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with its great strength makes it a very useful servant to man and it can be trained to serve in various ways such as carry heavy loads, hunt for tigers and even fight.

Artinya
Gajah adalah hewan terbesar dan terkuat. Ini adalah hewan yang tampak aneh dengan kaki-kakinya yang tebal, sisi-sisi dan punggung-punggung yang besar, telinga-telinga gantung yang besar, mata kecil yang tinggi, mata kecil, gading-gading putih panjang dan di atas semuanya itu memiliki suara yang panjang, batang pohon.
Batangnya adalah fitur khas gajah, dan memiliki berbagai kegunaan. Gajah menarik air dari belalainya dan dapat menyemprotkannya ke seluruh tubuhnya seperti mandi pancuran. Itu juga bisa mengangkat daun dan memasukkannya ke dalam mulutnya. Kenyataannya, belalai melayani gajah sebagai kaki dan tangan yang panjang. Seekor gajah terlihat sangat kikuk dan berat, tetapi bisa bergerak sangat cepat.
Gajah adalah hewan yang sangat cerdas. Kecerdasannya dikombinasikan dengan kekuatannya yang besar membuatnya menjadi hamba yang sangat berguna bagi manusia dan dapat dilatih untuk melayani dengan berbagai cara seperti membawa beban berat, berburu harimau dan bahkan berkelahi.

18. The text tells us about….
(A). the Elephant’s peculiar feature
(B). useful servant
(C). strange looking animal
(D). an elephant
(E). elephant looks very clumsy.

19. The third paragraph is mainly about the fact that….
(A) elephants are strong
(B) elephants can lift logs
(C) elephants are servants
(D) elephant are very useful
(E) elephant must be trained

20. The most distinguishing characteristic of an elephant is…..
(A). its clumsiness
(B). its thick legs
(C). its large body
(D). its long nose
(E). its large ears

21. Which of the following is NOT part of the elephant described in the first paragraph ?
(A) It looks strange
(B) It is heavy
(C) It is wild
(D) It has a trunk
(E) It has a small tail

22. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt it all over its body like a shower bath (paragraph 2). The word “it” refers to….
A). a shower bath
B). elephant’s body
C). a shower
D). water
E). elephant’s trunk

23. It is stated in the text that the elephant uses the trunk to do the following, EXCEPT ……..
(A) to eat
(B) to push
(C) to drink
(D) to carry things
(E) to squirt water over the body.

24. “The trunk is the elephant’s peculiar feature….(Paragraph2). The word “peculiar” close in meaning to ….
(A) large
(B) strange
(C) tough
(D) smooth
(E) king

25. The text above is in the form of…
(A). Analytical Exposition
(B). Narrative
(C). Recount
(D). Report
(E.) Spoof

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 8
Every single rock on the surface of the Earth-whether it is gravestone, a piece of solidified lava from a volcano or a boulder that has broken from a cliff or mountain-is slowly being broken down. This breaking down of rocks at or near the Earth’s surface is called weathering. The word is used because the weather is mainly responsible. Weathering turns solid rock into soft materials that may eventually form soil.
Air and water are the cause of most weathering. Sometimes they change the chemical in the rocks, and sometimes they just break apart the rock physically. If water seeps into the cracks in the rocks, for example, it may later freeze if the temperature falls below 0 degrees Celsius. As the water turns to ice, it expands, pushing against the sides of the rock with a pressure believe to be as much as 2,100 kilograms per square centimetre. This forces the cracks open. Repeated freezing and thawing causes the fragments to break away from the original rock, these may slide down a cliff or mountain and form a sloping mass of fragments at the bottom, called scree.

Artinya
Setiap batu karang di permukaan Bumi – apakah itu batu nisan, sepotong lahar yang dipadatkan dari gunung berapi atau batu yang telah patah dari tebing atau gunung – perlahan-lahan sedang rusak. Pembongkaran batuan di atau dekat permukaan Bumi ini disebut pelapukan. Kata itu digunakan karena cuaca terutama bertanggung jawab. Pelapukan mengubah batuan padat menjadi bahan lunak yang pada akhirnya membentuk tanah.
Udara dan air adalah penyebab sebagian besar pelapukan. Kadang-kadang mereka mengubah bahan kimia di bebatuan, dan kadang-kadang mereka hanya memecah batu secara fisik. Jika air meresap ke dalam retakan di bebatuan, misalnya, nanti bisa membeku jika suhu turun di bawah 0 derajat Celcius. Ketika air berubah menjadi es, es itu mengembang, mendorong sisi-sisi batu dengan tekanan yang diyakini sebanyak 2.100 kilogram per sentimeter persegi. Ini memaksa retakan terbuka. Pembekuan dan pencairan berulang-ulang menyebabkan serpihan-serpihan itu terlepas dari batuan asli, ini mungkin meluncur ke bawah tebing atau gunung dan membentuk massa yang miring di bagian bawah, yang disebut scree.

26. According to the text,….
A. there are two kinds of rock, gravestone and a boulder
B. soft materials will turn to solidified lava through weathering
C. chemical in the rocks causes weathering in every single rock-
D. a cliff or mountain may slide down because of the water in the rocks
E. cracks in the rocks will turn water into ice at the temperature below 0 degrees Celsius

27. The first paragraph is about….
A. the materials of weathering
B. the process of weathering
C. the impact of weathering
D. the definition of weathering
E. the result of weathering

28. We know from the text that….
A. very solid rock is impossible to break down
B. solid rock can turns into soil because of air and water
C. soft materials harders to eventually become rock
D. the weather can turn lava into gravestone
E. air and water are the main elements of the weather

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 9
Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon, without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technology to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and ocean) by means of propagated signals (e.g. electromagnetic radiation emitted from aircraft or satellites).
There are two main types or remote sensing: passive remote sensing and active remote sensing. Passive sensors detect natural radiation that is emitted or reflected by the objects or surrounding area being observed. Reflected sunlight is the most common source of radiation measured by passive censors. Examples of passive remote sensors include film photography, infra-red, charge-coupled devices, and radiometers. Active collection, on the other hand, emits energy in order to scan objects and areas whereupon a sensor then detects and measures the radiation that is reflected or backscattered from the target. RADAR and LIDAR are examples of active remote sensing where the time delay between emission and return is measured, stabilizing the location, height, speed and direction of an object.

Artinya
Penginderaan jauh adalah perolehan informasi tentang suatu objek atau fenomena, tanpa melakukan kontak fisik dengan objek. Dalam penggunaan modern, istilah umumnya mengacu pada penggunaan teknologi sensor udara untuk mendeteksi dan mengklasifikasikan objek di Bumi (baik di permukaan, dan di atmosfer dan lautan) dengan menggunakan sinyal yang disebarkan (misalnya radiasi elektromagnetik yang dipancarkan dari pesawat atau satelit) .Ada dua tipe utama atau penginderaan jauh: penginderaan jauh pasif dan penginderaan jauh aktif. Sensor pasif mendeteksi radiasi alami yang dipancarkan atau dipantulkan oleh objek atau area sekitarnya yang diamati. Cahaya matahari yang terrefleksi merupakan sumber radiasi paling umum yang diukur oleh sensor pasif. Contoh sensor jarak jauh pasif termasuk fotografi film, infra merah, perangkat charge-coupled, dan radiometer. Koleksi aktif, di sisi lain, memancarkan energi untuk memindai objek dan area di mana sebuah sensor kemudian mendeteksi dan mengukur radiasi yang dipantulkan atau backscattered dari target. RADAR dan LIDAR adalah contoh penginderaan jauh aktif di mana waktu tunda antara emisi dan kembali diukur, menstabilkan lokasi, ketinggian, kecepatan dan arah suatu objek.

29. From the text we know that remote sensing…
a. Is a way to obtain information about an object or phenomenon
b. Does not difficult to do c. Makes physical contact with the object
d. Does not make use of censors
e. Does not make use propagated signals

30. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a. Active sensing is better than passive sensing
b. The energy in sunlight is important for remote sensing
c. Passive sensing is not as strong as active sensing
d. The source of energy radiated for sensing determines whether it is the active or passive type
e. Active remote sensing and passive remote sensing are equally useful for the development of knowledge and technology

31. Based on the text we can say that…
a. Remote sensing is expensive technology
b. Remote sensing is useful for transportation
c. We can apply the technology to study animals
d. Medical science can be improved through remote sensing
e. Remote sensing make it possible to collect information of an object in a dangerous area

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 10
Komodo dragon is a member of the monitor family, Varanidae. It is the world’s largest living lizards. It grows to be 10 feet (3 meters) long and weighs up to 126 kg and belong to the most ancient group of lizards still alive.
It is found mainly in the island of Komodo and on other small islands, Rinca, Padar, and Flores. The natives call the dragon, ora, or buaya darat (land crocodile).
The Komodo dragon has a long heavy tail, short, strong legs, and rough skin. It is covered with small dull, colored scales. It can sprint at up 18 km per hours, but only for short distances. When it opens its wide red moth, it shows row of teeth like the edge of a saw.
Komodo dragons are good simmers and may swim the long distance from one island to another. Like other lizards, they swim by undulating their tails, and their legs held against their body.
The Komodo dragon is totally carnivorous. It hunts other animals during the day. It hunts deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes, and even horses. While smaller komodos have to be content with eggs, other lizards, snakes and rodents. Komodo dragons are cannibals. The adult will prey on the young one as well as the old and sick dragons.
Lizard digs a cave with its strong claws in the cave at night.

Artinya
Komodo adalah anggota keluarga monitor, Varanidae. Ini adalah kadal hidup terbesar di dunia. Panjangnya mencapai 10 kaki (3 meter) dan beratnya mencapai 126 kg dan termasuk kelompok kadal paling purba yang masih hidup.
Hal ini ditemukan terutama di Pulau Komodo dan di pulau-pulau kecil lainnya, Rinca, Padar, dan Flores. Penduduk asli memanggil naga, ora, atau buaya darat (buaya darat).
Naga Komodo memiliki ekor panjang yang berat, pendek, kaki kuat, dan kulit kasar. Itu ditutupi dengan sisik-sisik kecil berwarna kusam. Ia bisa berlari hingga 18 km per jam, tetapi hanya untuk jarak pendek. Ketika membuka ngengat merah lebar, itu menunjukkan deretan gigi seperti tepi gergaji.
Komodo adalah naga yang baik dan dapat berenang jarak jauh dari satu pulau ke pulau lainnya. Seperti kadal lainnya, mereka berenang dengan mengombak ekor mereka, dan kaki mereka menahan tubuh mereka.
Naga Komodo benar-benar karnivora. Itu berburu binatang lain di siang hari. Memburu rusa, babi hutan, kerbau, dan bahkan kuda. Sementara komodo yang lebih kecil harus puas dengan telur, kadal lainnya, ular dan hewan pengerat. Komodo adalah kanibal. Orang dewasa akan memangsa si muda serta naga tua dan sakit.
Kadal menggali gua dengan cakar yang kuat di gua di malam hari.

32. The main idea of paragraph 5 is …
A. komodo dragons feed on young dragons.
B. komodo dragons get their food by hunting.
C. komodo dragons are carnivorous and also cannibals
D. komodo dragons are cannibals because they hunt other animals.
E. komodo dragons are carnivorous because they eat eggs, meat and rodents.

33. Which of the following is not the characteristic of a komodo dragon?
A. Rough skin
B. Strong claws
C. A long heavy tail
D. Short, strong legs
E. Rows of red teeth

34. The writer’s purpose in writing the text is ….
A. to retell the events in Komodo Island.
B. to inform about classification of komodo.
C. to describe about komodo dragon in general.
D. to persuade reader to keep komodo habitat.
E. to entertain reader with the story of komodo.

35. Komodo dragons are cannibals because …
A. they hunt deer, wild pigs, water buffaloes and even horses.
B. they prey on young ones as well as old and sick dragons<<<<<<

C. they feed on eggs, lizards, snakes and rodents.

D. they eat anything they meet.

E. they will attack in self-defense.

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 11
Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money. Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold. It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks. Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.

Artinya
Emas adalah logam mulia. Emas digunakan sebagai ornamen atau sebagai uang. Emas ditemukan di banyak tempat, tetapi dalam pasokan kecil. Ia sering ditemukan di permukaan bumi. Karena emas adalah substansi yang berat, kadang-kadang ditemukan longgar di dasar sungai. Emas ditemukan bersama dengan pasir dan batu, dan harus dipisahkan dari mereka. Sangat mudah untuk mencari jenis emas ini. Biasanya tidak perlu mengebor emas, tetapi ketika lapisan emas terletak jauh di bawah permukaan bumi, adalah mungkin untuk mengebor lubang ke tanah. Insinyur telah mengembangkan proses modern untuk menghilangkan emas dari batu. Karena emas tidak terlalu keras, kadang-kadang meleleh dan ditambahkan ke zat lain untuk membuat cincin, koin, dan benda-benda seni. Itu akan dihargai selamanya karena itu indah, langka, dan berguna.

36. The best title of the text above is …..
a. Gold
b. Type of Gold
c. Previous Metal
d. Rare Ornaments
e. Removing Gold from Rocks

37. The following are associated with gold, EXCEPT …..
a. useful
b. precious
c. beautiful
d. expensive
e. unnecessary

38. The text above is mainly intended to …. about gold.
a. discuss
b. classify
c. describe
d. elaborate
e. document

39. “It will be priced forever because….” (Paragraph 4). The word “priced” means ……
a. valuable
b. worthless
c. interesting
d. wonderful
e. eye catching

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 12
Blueberries, cranberries, and huckleberries-like dark skinned bunch grapes-contain restorative, a potential anticancer agent. That’s a new finding from preliminary data from ARS collaborative studies with Rutgers University-New Jersey and Ag Canada, Kent ville, Nova Scotti. Restorative protects dark-skinned bunch grapes from fungal diseases and provides health benefits to consumers, including protection from cardiovascular disease. The compound’s anticancer potential warranted its examination in other fruits.
Using gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric procedures, the scientists measured the restorative content of 30 whole fruit samples of blueberry, cranberry, huckleberry, and related plants representing 5 families and 10 species of Vaccination fruit. They found that several samples contained varying amounts of the compound. Analysis of extracts of the skin, juice/pulp, and seed of muscadine grapes showed that its concentration in fruit skin was highest. Levels in the juice/pulp were much lower than in either skin or seeds. Researchers are continuing to analyze more Vaccination and muscadine samples. Future research goals will include enhancing production of restorative in selected species.

Artinya
Blueberry, cranberry, dan buah-buahan berwarna gelap seperti anggur yang mengandung hewleberries mengandung zat restoratif, agen antikanker potensial. Itu adalah temuan baru dari data awal dari studi kolaboratif ARS dengan Rutgers University-New Jersey dan Ag Canada, Kent ville, Nova Scotti. Pemulihan melindungi buah anggur berkulit gelap dari penyakit jamur dan memberikan manfaat kesehatan bagi konsumen, termasuk perlindungan dari penyakit kardiovaskular. Potensi antikanker senyawa ini menjamin pemeriksaannya pada buah-buahan lain.
Menggunakan kromatografi gas dan prosedur spektrometri massa, para ilmuwan mengukur kandungan restoratif dari 30 sampel buah utuh blueberry, cranberry, huckleberry, dan tanaman terkait yang mewakili 5 keluarga dan 10 spesies buah Vaksinasi. Mereka menemukan bahwa beberapa sampel mengandung berbagai jumlah senyawa. Analisis ekstrak kulit, jus / ampas, dan biji anggur muscadine menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasinya pada kulit buah adalah yang tertinggi. Kadar dalam jus / pulpa jauh lebih rendah daripada kulit atau biji. Para peneliti terus menganalisis lebih banyak sampel Vaksinasi dan muscadine. Tujuan penelitian di masa depan akan mencakup peningkatan produksi restoratif pada spesies tertentu.

40. What does the second paragraph talk about?
a. More Vaccinium and muscadine will be analyzed.
b. Researchers plan to produce resveratrol in large scale.
c. Several samples contains various amount of resveratrol.
d. The experiment showed that resveratrol is mostly concentrated in the fruit skin.
e. The experiment analyzes 30 fruit samples of blueberry, cranberry and huckleberry.

41. How many fruit samples are used in the research?
a. 3
b. 5
c. 10
d. 25
e. 30

42. What is the purpose of the text?
a. To tell kinds of fruits
b. To describe some fruits
c. To persuade people to keep health
d. To inform the importance of research on fruits
e. To report the result of a research on certain fruits

43. We can conclude that the research will be…
a. Stopped
b. Continued
c. Postponed
d. Carried out
e. Minimized

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 13
Antibiotic is a drug produced by certain microbes. Antibiotics destroy other microbes that damage human tissues. They are used to treat a wide variety of diseases, including gonorrhea, tonsillitis and tuberculosis. Antibiotics are sometimes called ‘wonder drugs’ because they can cure diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia and scarlet fever. But when the antibiotics are overused, or misused, these drugs make a person sensitive being attacked by a superbug.
Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless and dangerous microbes. If a drug destroys too many harmless micro-organism, the pathogenic ones -the dangerous microbes- will have a greater chance to multiply. This situation often leads to the development of a new infection called superinfection. Extensive use of some antibiotics may damage organs and tissues. For example, streptomycin, which is used to treat tuberculosis, has caused kidney damage and deafness.
Resistance to antibiotics may be acquired by pathogenic microbes. The resistant microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes and cause them to become resistant. During antibiotic treatment, non-resistant microbes are destroyed, but resistant types survive and multiply.
To avoid the side effect of antibiotics, you’d better not urge your doctor to prescribe antibiotics. Keep in mind that antibiotics are only useful for bacterial infections and have no effect on viruses, so they cannot be used for children pox, measles, and other viral diseases.

Artinya
Antibiotik adalah obat yang diproduksi oleh mikroba tertentu. Antibiotik menghancurkan mikroba lain yang merusak jaringan manusia. Mereka digunakan untuk mengobati berbagai macam penyakit, termasuk gonore, tonsilitis, dan tuberkulosis. Antibiotik kadang-kadang disebut ‘obat ajaib’ karena mereka dapat menyembuhkan penyakit seperti meningitis, pneumonia dan demam berdarah. Tetapi ketika antibiotik digunakan secara berlebihan, atau disalahgunakan, obat-obatan ini membuat seseorang sensitif diserang oleh superbug.
Antibiotik tidak selalu membedakan antara mikroba yang tidak berbahaya dan berbahaya. Jika suatu obat menghancurkan terlalu banyak mikro-organisme yang tidak berbahaya, yang patogenik – mikroba berbahaya – akan memiliki kesempatan lebih besar untuk berkembang biak. Situasi ini sering mengarah pada pengembangan infeksi baru yang disebut superinfeksi. Penggunaan secara luas dari beberapa antibiotik dapat merusak organ dan jaringan. Misalnya, streptomisin, yang digunakan untuk mengobati tuberkulosis, telah menyebabkan kerusakan ginjal dan tuli.
Ketahanan terhadap antibiotik dapat diperoleh oleh mikroba patogen. Mikroba yang resisten mentransfer materi genetik ke mikroba yang tidak resisten dan menyebabkan mereka menjadi resisten. Selama pengobatan antibiotik, mikroba yang tidak resisten dihancurkan, tetapi jenis yang resisten bertahan dan berkembang biak.
Untuk menghindari efek samping dari antibiotik, sebaiknya Anda tidak mendesak dokter Anda untuk meresepkan antibiotik. Perlu diingat bahwa antibiotik hanya berguna untuk infeksi bakteri dan tidak memiliki efek pada virus, sehingga mereka tidak dapat digunakan untuk anak-anak cacar, campak, dan penyakit virus lainnya.

44. Which diseases cannot be cured by antibiotics?
a. Tonsillitis
b. Meningitis
c. Chicken pox
d. Tuberculosis
e. Scarlet fever

45. What are discussed in paragraph two and four?
a. Both paragraphs describe how antibiotics work.
b. Both paragraphs tell about the effects of misusing antibiotics.
c. Both paragraphs explain how antibiotics damage organs and tissue.
d. Paragraph two tells what causes the pathogenic microbes multiply and paragraph four tells how un-resistant microbes become resistant.
e. Paragraph two tells how antibiotics destroy harmless microbes and paragraph four describes how the pathogenic microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes.

46. Choose one from the following which is not the effect of using antibiotics improperly?
a. Organs and tissues are damaged.
b. The pathogenic microbes multiply.
c. Harmless micro-organism are destroyed.
d. Pathogenic microbes become non-resistant.
e. New infection which is called superinfection develops.

47. Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless and dangerous microbes.” (paragraph 2). The word “distinguish” means…
a. Vary
b. Compare
c. Correlate
d. Contradict
e. Differentiate

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 14
The anaconda is the largest snake in the world. Also known as the Water Boa, this giant, meat-eater lives in swampy areas of tropical South America. It spends a lot of time in shallow water, hidden from unsuspecting prey. Anacondas are related to boa constrictors. They give birth to 20 to 40 baby snakes at one time. Like all snakes, anacondas are cold-blooded; they have the same temperature as the environment. They continue to grow all their lives, getting bigger and bigger each year. The longest anaconda ever found was 11.4 m long, there are probably even bigger anacondas that have not been seen. Anacondas are greenish-brown with a double row of black oval spots on the back and smaller white markings on the sides.

Artinya
Anaconda adalah ular terbesar di dunia. Juga dikenal sebagai Water Boa, raksasa ini, pemakan daging hidup di daerah berawa tropis Amerika Selatan. Ia menghabiskan banyak waktu di air dangkal, tersembunyi dari mangsa yang tidak curiga. Anaconda berhubungan dengan boa constrictors. Mereka melahirkan 20 hingga 40 ular bayi sekaligus. Seperti semua ular, anaconda berdarah dingin; mereka memiliki suhu yang sama dengan lingkungan. Mereka terus tumbuh sepanjang hidup mereka, semakin besar dan besar setiap tahun. Anaconda terpanjang yang pernah ditemukan sepanjang 11,4 m, mungkin ada anaconda yang lebih besar yang belum pernah terlihat. Anacondas berwarna coklat kehijauan dengan dua baris bintik oval hitam di bagian belakang dan tanda putih kecil di sisi.

48. What is the monologue about?
A. Snakes.
B. Anacondas
C. Kinds of snakes.
D. What an anaconda looks like.
E. Another name for an anaconda.

49. How many babies does an anaconda give birth at one time?
A. 10 – 20.
B. 10 – 30.
C. 20 – 30.
D. 20 – 40
E. 30 – 40.

Contoh Report Text dan Soal 15
Jasmine is a native flower to some tropical areas in South Asia, Africa and Australia. In India, some varieties of Jasmine are used for religious purposes.
The flower can grow up to 3 meters high and 2 meters wide. It releases its fragrance mostly after the sun sets especially nearing the full moon. Therefore, it is often associated with soothing night- time moods.
The planting of Jasmine is started by putting some cuttings in 3 inch posts within 4 weeks. After the roots grow, they are put into 6 inch pots. The soil in the pots should be kept moist but possible for the water to go through it for optimum growth.
There are some important advantages of Jasmine. In medication, this flower is often used for soothing headaches, stimulating brain, and restoring balance. Its extract is also widely used in the making of perfume.

Artinya
Jasmine adalah bunga asli ke beberapa daerah tropis di Asia Selatan, Afrika dan Australia. Di India, beberapa varietas melati digunakan untuk tujuan keagamaan.
Bunganya bisa tumbuh hingga setinggi 3 meter dan lebar 2 meter. Ini melepaskan keharumannya sebagian besar setelah matahari terbenam terutama menjelang bulan purnama. Oleh karena itu, sering dikaitkan dengan suasana hati malam yang menenangkan.
Penanaman melati dimulai dengan meletakkan beberapa stek dalam 3 inci posting dalam waktu 4 minggu. Setelah akar tumbuh, mereka dimasukkan ke dalam pot 6 inci. Tanah dalam pot harus dijaga tetap lembab tetapi memungkinkan air untuk melewatinya agar tumbuh optimal.
Ada beberapa manfaat penting dari Jasmine. Dalam pengobatan, bunga ini sering digunakan untuk menenangkan sakit kepala, merangsang otak, dan memulihkan keseimbangan. Ekstraknya juga banyak digunakan dalam pembuatan parfum.

50. When does Jasmine release the most fragrance?
A. In the morning
B. In the evening
C. In the afternoon
D. At dawn

51. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. Jasmine is grown worldwide
B. Jasmine has various benefits
C. Jasmine can cause headache
D. There are some varieties of Jasmine

52. ” … it is often associated with …”, The word “associated” in is closest in meaning to ….
A. Attached
B. Connected
C. Compared
D. Propagated

53. In planting Jasmine, the soil should be kept moist to make it ….
A. Go through the water easily
B. Grow up to 6 inch in length
C. Produce optimum fragrance
D. Grow optimally

Dengan berlatih mengerjakan banyak soal seperti ini, harapannya ketika bertemu soal yang serupa dalam ujian akan semakin mudah. Jika dirasa jawabannya ada yang kurang pas, bisa di sampaikan dan dibenarkan.